A careful study of “the orcish question,” in which the author investigates their behavior, conversations, and interactions with other races in order to propose some challenging conclusions about racism, souls, and Tolkien’s purpose in creating orcs the way he did.
Tally, Jr., Robert T.
"Let Us Now Praise Famous Orcs: Simple Humanity in Tolkien's Inhuman Creatures,"
Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature: Vol. 29
, Article 3.
Available at: http://dc.swosu.edu/mythlore/vol29/iss1/3