The level of satisfaction and effectiveness of 3D virtual learning environments were examined. Additionally, 3D virtual learning environments were compared with face-to-face learning environments. Students that experienced higher levels of flow and presence also experienced more satisfaction but not necessarily more effectiveness with 3D virtual learning environments. There were no significant differences between satisfaction and effectiveness of 3D virtual learning environments and face-to-face environments. These findings suggest that 3D virtual learning environments can be made to provide high levels of learning satisfaction. Additionally, these findings suggest that 3D virtual learning environments may be a viable delivery method for instruction and training because they compare favorably with face-to-face learning environments.
Hassell, Martin D.; Goyal, Sandeep; Limayem, Moez; and Boughzala, Imed
"EFFECTS OF PRESENCE, COPRESENCE, AND FLOW ONLEARNING OUTCOMES IN 3D LEARNING SPACES,"
Administrative Issues Journal: Vol. 2
, Article 7.
Available at: https://dc.swosu.edu/aij/vol2/iss1/7
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