The disruption caused by a war of ideas is detailed in this paper on Pope Pius X and the Catholic Church’s response to modernism in the early years of the century, and shows this controversy’s clear influence on Tolkien’s thinking in his letters and fiction.
Bossert, A. R.
""Surely You Don't Disbelieve": Tolkien and Pius X: Anti-Modernism in Middle-earth,"
Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature: Vol. 25
, Article 5.
Available at: https://dc.swosu.edu/mythlore/vol25/iss1/5
Copyright held by Artist
Mythcon 51: The Mythic, the Fantastic, and the Alien
Albuquerque, New Mexico • Postponed to: July 30 – August 2, 2021