Examines a possible source of the imagery associated with Tolkien’s representations of divine and queenly women in Alain de Lille’s De Planctu Naturæ, or Complaint of Nature. De Lille was a 12th century theologian and poet associated with the Chartres school, and an influence on Chaucer.
"‘Morning Stars of a Setting World’: Alain de Lille’s De Planctu Naturæ and Tolkien’s Legendarium as Neo-Platonic Mythopoeia.,"
Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature: Vol. 36
, Article 6.
Available at: https://dc.swosu.edu/mythlore/vol36/iss1/6