Document Type



A study of the Wise Woman, Mother, or Grandmother figure throughout George MacDonald’s fantasy. Discusses how MacDonald is better understood through Jungian rather than Freudian analysis. Places imagery associated with these figures in their mythological, symbolic, and religious contexts, and examines both the beneficial and deadly aspects of the anima as shown in their actions.



Mythcon 52: The Mythic, the Fantastic, and the Alien

Albuquerque, New Mexico; July 29 - August 1, 2022

Mythcon Conference

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