Concerns the roots of the wizard Gandalf’s character in the legendary figure of Merlin, tracing Merlin’s development through a variety of English and continental literature up through the twentieth century, and showing how various authors, including Tolkien, interpreted and adapted the wizard for their purposes.
Riga, Frank P.
"Gandalf and Merlin: J.R.R. Tolkien's Adoption and Transformation of a Literary Tradition,"
Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature: Vol. 27
, Article 5.
Available at: http://dc.swosu.edu/mythlore/vol27/iss1/5