David Callaway

Artists and Illustrations Included in This Record

Sarah Beach


Considers the question of where Gollum fits within the overall Christian framework of Middle-earth, and proposes that he is “an emblem of the internal dilemma faced by all creatures in a Christian-based cosmology [...] each must struggle with his own inherent evil.” Argues that Gollum, still retaining some goodness and potential after holding the Ring for 478 years, was a hero who consciously chose to destroy the Ring at the end.

Copyright held by Artist



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.