Calculates the likely population of Orcs in Middle-earth at various times based on Tolkien’s use of the military terms host, army, and legion. Uses The Silmarillion and several volumes of The History of Middle-earth to “show a developing concept of Orc military organization and, by inference, an idea of Orc demographics.”
"Orc Hosts, Armies and Legions: A Demographic Study,"
Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature: Vol. 16
, Article 2.
Available at: https://dc.swosu.edu/mythlore/vol16/iss4/2
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