Marcella Juhren

Artists and Illustrations Included in This Record

Bonnie Callahan


Analysis of Middle-earth’s environmental equivalents to our world, by climate and dominant vegetation. Notes that Tolkien’s descriptions of the ecology of his Secondary World must be based on “years of close and thoughtful observation of nature”—particularly when describing transitions from one ecological niche to another. Concludes with an “ecological report” on Middle-earth. Covers geography, geology, and plant life in great detail.

Copyright held by Artist



Mythcon 51: The Mythic, the Fantastic, and the Alien

Albuquerque, New Mexico • Postponed to: July 30 – August 2, 2021

Mythcon Conference

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