Although C.S. Lewis’s Chronicles of Narnia (1950-1956) are still hugely popular today, some critics have accused the books of representing masculinity and femininity in an outmoded way. The three Walden Media films, The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (2005), Prince Caspian (2008) and The Voyage of the Dawn Treader (2010), appear to adopt a more contemporary perspective, especially as far as the representation of fighting girls is concerned. While Lewis seemed slightly reluctant to show women playing an active role on the battlefield, Andrew Adamson, who directed the first two films, lets Susan, the female protagonist, fight alongside the boys and even gives her a leading role in the battle scenes of the 2008 film. However, the presence of fighting girls remains largely symbolic, because they are artificially put forward in The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, and because their actions are presented in a stereotypical fashion in Prince Caspian. As for the director of the third film Michael Apted, he treats Lucy, the female protagonist who replaces her older sister Susan, in a much more egalitarian way.

Copyright held by Artist



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.