Disputes the story in Carpenter’s biography about the origin of Gandalf in a picture postcard Tolkien acquired in 1911, pointing out that the painting on which the postcard was based was painted in 1925 or later.
"The Origin of Gandalf and Josef Madlener,"
Mythlore: A Journal of J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams, and Mythopoeic Literature: Vol. 9
, Article 7.
Available at: https://dc.swosu.edu/mythlore/vol9/iss4/7